We have reviews of the best places to see in Niger. The blank outline map represents Niger. It is bounded by Algeria, Libya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, and Mali. Niger has signed a bilateral investment agreement with the United States. It is a landlocked nation located in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. The Niger River (/ ˈ n aɪ dʒ ər /; French: (le) fleuve Niger, pronounced [(lə) flœv niʒɛʁ]) is the principal river of West Africa, extending about 4,180 km (2,600 mi).Its drainage basin is 2,117,700 km 2 (817,600 sq mi) in area. These include the Joliba (Malinke: Until 1960, Niger was a colony of France, and French is still Niger’s official language. From west to east these are the plateaus of Djado, Mangueni, and Tchigaï. The country is named after the Niger River, which runs through the capital of Niamey in the southwest. The Niger River is the main river of the country and has the lowest point of the nation at 200 m. The Niger River basin and Lake Chad basin are the major drainage basins in Niger. Other vestiges consist of the kori, which run down from the Aïr and from former tributaries that had their sources in the Iforas Massif, and which flowed to a confluence at what is now the Ti-m-merhsoï Wadi. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. km. This page was last updated on February 24, 2021, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF). Understand History . Professor of History, University of Oslo. Since independence from France in 1960, Niger has experienced four coup d'états - in 1974, 1996, 1999, and 2010. Spanish is a Latin based language, and Latin was spoken by the Roman conquerors that the Hebrews referred to as Gentiles (Matthew 20:19). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. A 1995 peace accord ended a five-year Tuareg insurgency in the north. Ambassadors to Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger to discuss field perspectives and an overall approach for the Sahel region of Africa, in Stuttgart, Germany, Oct. 8, 2019. Yet, how did the Romans connect the word “Niger” to Black. The world’s poorest nation according to the UN’s development rankings for 189 countries, Niger is also struggling with Islamist insurgencies that have spilled over from Mali and Nigeria. The Romans had a name for Blacks, it was “Niger” and it meant Black or people of African origins. In the Manga region, in the east, traces of ancient watercourses appear on the sandy plain. It is a landlocked nation where more than 80% of the land is covered by the vast Sahara Desert. Along its course it is known by several names. What makes the country so volatile? Because of the change in river flow, which occurs because of the dispersal of its waters in its interior delta region in Mali, it is only in January and February that it flows past Niamey in flood. More than 60,000 Malian refugees have fled to Niger since violence between Malian government troops and armed rebels began in early 2012. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. In ancient times, Blacks were worshipped as Gods. Several other smaller divisions make governance more convenient. Although Niger is a country in Africa with the highest rate of child marriage and even though the statistics are worrying, Niger officially does not condone such practice and it has engaged itself in reducing – or better eliminating – child marriage. Facts About Niger's Culture, Geography, and History. To the east is situated the basin of Lake Chad, a large, shallow lake, which at its highest contemporary level has an area of approximately 9,650 square miles; of this, Niger possesses about 1,100 square miles. The landlocked West African country of Niger occupies an area of 1,267,000 sq. Its large valleys are filled with sand, while dallol (fossilized valleys of rivers that formed tributaries of the Niger in ancient times) descend from the Aïr and the Iforas Massif of neighbouring Mali. Which country claims "Waltzing Matilda" as their unofficial anthem? Things to Do in Niger, Africa: See Tripadvisor's 2,624 traveler reviews and photos of Niger tourist attractions. A senior U.S. intelligence official saw early warning signs that something was wrong as they went to meet with the village elder in Tongo Tongo, Niger, on Oct. 4. The plateaus of the south, which form a belt about 900 miles long, may be divided into three regions. The best known are the Bosso, the Foga, and the Maouri wadis. Niger’s Membership in International Organizations. Throughout the region, however, and above all on the plateaus, less fertile lateritic (leached iron-bearing) soils occur. Niger River, principal river of western Africa. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Seven countries border Niger. The third region (in the south) is cultivated. Niger is West Africa's largest country. The country also has a capital district called Niamey which serves as the national capital. mi. km and 80 percent of Niger is covered by the Sahara. The early uses of the word niger and later negro, were Military coup and return to civilian rule, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Niger, Niger - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Niger - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Niger is the largest country in Western Africa. These include Libya, Chad, and Nigeria to the northeast, east, and south, respectively. The United States has a trade and investment framework agreement with the Economic Community of West Africa (ECOWAS), of which Niger is a member. The Niger is believed to have been named by the Greeks. Niger, officially Republic of Niger, French République du Niger, landlocked western African country. Another highland region is found to the northeast and comprises a series of high plateaus including Djado, Mangueni, and Tchigaï in the west to east direction. NIAMEY, Niger — A hundred civilians were killed in attacks by suspected militants in the West African nation of Niger on Saturday, according to government officials. In the north, the Air Mountains punctuate the Sahara desert in a north-south direction with a series of nine massifs. Negro: Mid 16th century: via Spanish and Portuguese from Latin niger, nigr- black. To the west the Talak region includes the Tamesna area in the north (where fossil valleys are filled with moving sand dunes) and the Azaoua area in the south. The country of Niger is located in Western Africa. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The $100 million air hub is located in the Agadez region of Niger.It was designed for use by C-17 cargo aircraft and armed drones that previously operated out of Niger’s capital, Niamey. Stay on top of Niger latest developments on the ground with Al Jazeera’s fact-based news, exclusive video footage, photos and updated maps. Sort out the random interesting facts about countries around the world. Rainfall increases as one proceeds southward so that the country divides naturally into three distinct zones—a desert zone in the north; an intermediate zone, where nomadic pastoralists raise cattle, in the centre; and a cultivated zone in the south. Niger Bordering Countries: They are Agadez, Diffa, Dosso, Maradi, Tahoua, Tillaberi, and Zinder. 12. Its total area is 1,270,000 sq. In the Saharan region in the north the soil is infertile, except in a few oases where water is found. In addition to the drainage system described, it may be noted that rainwater collects in several basins, so that some permanent lakes or pools also exist; these are found at Keïta and Adouna in the Adar Doutchi region, at Madaroumfa in the Maradi gulbi, and at Guidimouni to the east of Zinder. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Niger has seven major administrative divisions called regions. Find what to do today or anytime in April. Niger = Nation in West Africa Nigeria = Nation in West Africa Nago = Racist term used by some SE Asians to refer to Black Melanesians of Africoid origins Nago-Mina = African nationality in Nigeria Naghual = Aztec word for Shaman or priest. Arrests made in Niger attempted coup, days before President-elect's inauguration By Melissa Bell, Sarah Dean and Richard Roth, CNN Updated 2:18 PM ET, Wed March 31, 2021 The southern part of the country features a stretch of the Sahel region that extends from the southwestern border with Burkina Faso to Lake Chad in the southeast. It is in this southern zone that the greater part of the population, both nomadic and settled, is concentrated. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Niger extends for about 750 miles (1,200 km) from north to south and about 930 miles (1,460 km) from east to west. Niger or the Niger (/ n iː ˈ ʒ ɛər / or / ˈ n aɪ dʒ ər /; French: ), officially the Republic of the Niger, is a landlocked country in West Africa named after the Niger River.Niger is bordered by Libya to the northeast, Chad to the east, Nigeria to the south, Benin and Burkina Faso to the southwest, Mali to the west, and Algeria to the northwest. The country takes its name from the Niger River, which flows through the southwestern part of its territory. The Pentagon has said the unit that was attacked comprised 12 soldiers from the 3rd Special Forces Group which had recently arrived in Niger for a six-month tour, and about 30 Nigerien troops. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Capital: Niamey. Its water level, which begins to rise in August, from January to May consists only of some stagnant pools. It tends to monotony in its features, is intersected by numerous depressions, and is dominated by arid highlands in the north. The regions of Niger are further subdivided into Departments and communes. The highlands of the north are cut by valleys (kori) of the Aïr Massif, which is an extension of the Ahaggar (Hoggar) Mountains of Algeria, and consists of a range running north to south in the centre of Niger, with individual mountain masses forming separate “islands”: from north to south these are Tazerzaït, where Mount Gréboun reaches an altitude of 6,379 feet (1,944 metres); Tamgak; Takolokouzet; Angornakouer; Bagzane; and Tarouadji. These are the Gorouol, the Dargol, the Sirba, the Goroubi, the Djamangou, the Tapoa, and the Mékrou; the last two flow through the “W” National Park (so called because the Niger flows through the area in the form of a W). km). To the northeast is a series of high plateaus, which form a bridge between the Ahaggar Mountains of Algeria and the Tibesti Mountains of Chad. During the same period, Niger’s desert trade route town Agadez became a hub for West African and other Sub-Saharan migrants crossing the Sahara to North Africa and sometimes onward to Europe. The capital is Niamey. Niger, officially the Republic of Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa, named after the Niger River. Black soils occur in the Kolo basin. What Type Of Government Does Russia Have. (1,188,748 sq. The sandy regions of the Nigerien Sahara extend to either side of the Aïr. Despite being one of West Africa’s largest countries, Niger is among the least populated; moving around is easier here compared with doing so in other highly populated or congested countries in Africa. The map can be downloaded for free and used for coloring or educational purposes like map-pointing activities. No waters flow through the kori now, but water is still to be found beneath their sands. Some of the soils in the latter, such as those in the Niger basin and in the gulbi, are rich. The country takes its name from the Niger River, which flows through the southwestern part of its territory. To the west the Niger River crosses about 350 miles of Niger’s territory. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Omissions? – Oxford Dictionary. The Komadougou Yobé River, which flows into Lake Chad from the west, forms part of the frontier between Niger and Nigeria. What country has the largest Muslim population? Niger’s natural landscape is what travelers generally seek out, and we too think it’s simply breathtaking. The Tenere Desert (shown on the map), part of the Sahara, is covered by an erg and a reg. 458,976 sq. The central region consists of the rocky Adar Doutchi and Majia areas; it is the region of the gulbi (dried-up valleys of former tributaries of the Sokoto River) and the Tegama—a tableland of sandstone, ending, toward the Aïr, at the Tiguidit scarp. Niger is a landlocked country in West Africa that is named after the Niger River. The soils fall into three natural regions. Algeria and Mali bound the country to the northwest while Benin and Burkina Faso form its southwestern borders. See more. The present system includes to the west the Niger River basin and to the east the basin of Lake Chad; between the two occur vestiges of the older system, such as the dallol and the gulbi. East of the Aïr is the Ténéré region, covered partly by an expanse of sand called an erg, partly by a stony plain called a reg. Seven countries border Niger. Newly elected President Mohamed Bazoum’s inauguration Friday comes days after Niger’s security forces thwarted an attempted military coup at the presidential palace overnight from Tuesday into Wednesday. Updates? These include Libya, Chad, and Nigeria to the northeast, east, and south, respectively. Niger has been here before. The water table in some areas can also be tapped to produce artesian wells. Tomb of unknown Egyptian queen discovered. Its extent is considerably reduced during the dry season. Niger is West Africa's largest country. It is bounded on the northwest by Algeria, on the northeast by Libya, on the east by Chad, on the south by Nigeria and Benin, and on the west by Burkina Faso and Mali. Thus, Septimus Niger would have meant, Septimus the Negro. The highest point of the country, Mont Idoukal-n-Taghes at 2,022 m (marked on the map), is located in the south-central region of the Air Mountains. Population: 17.83 million (2013) World Bank. A few samples of pyramid deterioration below. The outline map represents the sovereign African country of Niger. We have put together the following 12 interesting facts about Niger to give you an overview of this 1.2 million kilometers square land. It is convenient to make a distinction between the ancient hydrographic system, which allowed agriculturalists, fishermen, and pastoralists to live in the Aïr region about 5,000 or 6,000 years ago, and the present simple system, which forms the basis of the marked difference between the northern and southern parts of the country. Author of. Niger is a former French colony which was granted independence in 1960. Nigeria, Libya, Chad, Mali, Algeria, Burkina Faso, Benin. In the region known as the Sahel, which forms a transitional zone between the Sahara and the region to the south, the soils are thin and white, being covered with salty deposits resulting from intense evaporation that forms an infertile surface crust. In this area the soils are associated with extensive dunes or uplands or with basins or depressions. Niger definition, a republic in NW Africa: formerly part of French West Africa. The … At other times the river is fed by certain temporary watercourses that flow in from the right bank. The name Niger derives in turn from the phrase gher n-gheren, meaning “river among rivers,” in the Tamashek language. The capital is Niamey. Niger, landlocked western African country. Other remnants of the old system are formed by the gulbi, through which water still flows annually, occasionally causing damage. On the left bank, proceeding eastward, appear the dallol, the vestiges of the older watercourses. NIAMEY, Niger (AP) — Niger has sworn in its new president in the West African nation’s first democratic transfer of power. 10:09 AM 10/17/2019 Whitney Baird, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for West Africa and Security Affairs in the Bureau of African Affairs, met with the U.S. km, Agadez is the largest region of Niger by area while Zinder is the most populous one. Grab a copy of our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Niger is mostly a vast plateau, with … To the west is the Djerma Ganda region. With an area of 667,799 sq. It is a landlocked nation located in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. To the east the underlying rock reappears in the Damagarim, Mounio, and Koutous regions, to the north of which is the region of Damergou, consisting of clays. Corrections? Official language: French. The land is mostly desert plains and dunes, with rolling savanna in the southeast. In 1993, 35 years after independence from France, Niger held its first free and open elections. Niger is one of the largest inland countries in West Africa and is historically a gateway between North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. With a length of 2,600 miles (4,200 km), it is the third longest river in Africa, after the Nile and the Congo. Generally running from north to south, they constitute zones of dampness, although a few still contain waters that flow toward the Niger. With two-thirds of the country lying within the Sahara Desert, it is one of the hottest countries in the world. As visible on the physical map above, large parts of Niger is covered by the Sahara Desert. Nigeria and Benin border it to the south, Mali and Burkina Faso to the west, Libya and Algeria to the north, and Chad to the east.